A Visit to Corea in Palma de Mallorca: Reflections on Spatial Adaptation, Rubbish and ‘Productive’ Public Spaces

by Melissa García Lamarca

Last week I revisited the area popularly known as Corea, a zone of dilapidated buildings and streets known for its delinquency, drug use and social conflict among diverse ethnic groups that is the focus of an integrated urban rehabilitation project in Camp Redó I wrote about on Polis last December. The several hour visit, part of an assessment by the rehabilitation project’s social workers of rubbish strewn across the neighbourhood towards developing a clean-up campaign, raised a number of reflections and challenging questions for me. Regarding the latter, I hope Polis readers might have some insights, examples or thoughts to share.

First, I was struck by the spatial adaptation of those living of the ground floor of many buildings, where people have constructed casetas behind their houses into shared common space. Some resemble huts (more or less sturdily built, see left and above photos), while others are well built and attempts are made to integrate them into the larger building structure (see photo at right). While building such casetas is illegal, no reprisals have been made (to date) although as we walked around several people popped their head out of upper floors and asked if they would be destroyed. For those in these upper flats these structures are unfair, as on one hand they are not able to do the same, and also clearly because the structures and people using them are in essence appropriating public space for private use. This has even been done on a main street, filling in an open space between the section of flats in the building and what used to be an infrastructural part of the same (see image below).

Regarding litter, it is unreal to see the quantity strewn about the area, and more so to all of the sudden stumble upon large concentrations that have accumulated sometimes less than 5 metres away from rubbish bins. For me, this speaks of an absence of ownership over or respect for the large community and surrounding urban space - for example at an intersection turning the edge of a building into an open bonfire space (photo below). It furthermore made me reflect on visits to different slums in Mumbai, where in some people kept shared public space and spaces around their houses almost spotlessly clean, while in others people toss their rubbish everywhere – such as in Corea, where I was told it is not uncommon for people throw their garbage (even bags) out the window. How can such behaviours be changed? How can a respect for community and public space be fostered in a context of diversity and conflict?

Finally, there is a great deal of ‘dead’ space in the area, and so much potential to turn these into ‘productive’ places – something I always think about when I see empty lots of abandoned spaces in the city. For example this space in the photo below. We noticed someone clearing the weeds etc. at the back of the area, and went to speak with them, to see what was going on. A friendly and interesting conversation ensued with those chatting and enjoying some beer on a sunny afternoon, giving ‘moral’ support to their friend cleaning the area – who it turns out has been paid by neighbours in the building behind to remove the weeds and plants growing there. When asked if they were helping, the response of ‘we don’t work for free, you know’ was given; and while I was thrilled to hear another say ‘hey we could be growing tomatoes or food here’, someone else responded ‘but kids would come and steal it, forget about it’. How does one begin to change such attitudes and perceptions? How is it possible to effectively foster or nourish more positive attitudes to such collective actions? Whatever happens it is certain that the future community and urban fabric of Corea will reflect positive or negative mass behaviour change in the area.

Credits: Photos by Melissa García Lamarca.


  1. These are such important questions, and amazing documentation of the challenges presented by abused and neglected space. I'm not sure what inspires communities to take good care of public areas. Some of the responsibility falls on local government. Are services in Corea less dependable than in other parts of the city? Some would say that poverty and a lack of private ownership leaves little resources or incentive for neighborhood stewardship. But your example from Mumbai tells a more complex story. Maybe it's just a general dynamic? Like, if people see a critical number of improvements being made, they may view the overall situation as less hopeless and thus be more likely to start making improvements themselves?

  2. Thanks for sharing your thoughts and questions. Services, in terms of garbage collection at the least, do exist in Corea on the main streets, but the challenge lays especially in the interior courtyard spaces between buildings that are not serviced by the municipality, as these are considered private property. The same is true of exterior lighting, building maintenance etc. - this is all to be taken care of by residents. Scale I think is an issue, as there are 26 buildings in a relatively small footprint, creating medium-high densities and fragmented or disconnected public spaces between buildings (to get a sense of the spatial configuration, check out the images in the more comprehensive article I wrote in December on Camp Redó). I really hope that your comment about a critical mass of improvements by some encouraging others to make improvements themselves....I'll keep you posted.

  3. I was recently invited inside a ground floor flat there. It is incredibly small and very dark, with paper-thin walls and peeling paintwork. The bathroom is so cramped the wc intrudes into the badly-cracked shower tray. There are two bedrooms, each containing a 120cm bed with about 40cm space between it and the wall. The kitchen consists of a plank-wood dresser, butano cooker and a badly-stained sink. The living room has just enough space for a settee and a flat-screen tv. Four adults live there. It is hardly surprising that people here turn their backs on society.