Rudolf Kjellén on Geopolitics

“Geopolitics sees a nation as a geographical organism or as a spatial occurrence; in other words, a nation as land, territory, area or, perhaps most emblematically, as empire.”

Rudolf Kjellén, from Der staat als Lebensform [State as a Living Form], 1917 (via Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen, Alvar Aalto: Architecture, Modernity, and Geopolitics, pp. 203, 2003)

This is part of a collection of quotes related to cities. They don’t necessarily reflect our views, just things that may be interesting. We welcome you to add others.

Credits: Map of British Empire (1926) from the Sterling Times.


  1. "The great geopolitical contests of cultural change, ethnic conflict, and diasporic social mixing; of economic re-regulation and liberalization; of militarization, informatization, resource exploitation, and ecological change are, to a growing extent, boiling down to often violent conflicts in the key strategic sites of our age: contemporary cities"

    Saskia Sassen, "Governance hotspots: Challenges we must confront in the post September 11th world" in K. Booth and T. Dunne (eds.) Worlds in Collision: Terror and the Future of the Global Order, (London; Macmillan Palgrave, 2002) p 313-324.